前端 | 练习四之 js 编写音乐播放器



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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>草东没有派对</title>
<link rel="icon" href="./image/favicon.ico">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/font-awesome/5.13.0/css/all.min.css">
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="style.css">
</head>

<body>
<div class="player">

<!-- 设定播放曲目详情 -->
<div class="details">
<div class="now-playing">PLAYING x OF y</div>
<div class="track-art"></div>
<div class="track-name">Track Name</div>
<div class="track-artist">Track Artist</div>
</div>

<!-- 设定播放按钮 -->
<div class="buttons">
<div class="prev-track" onclick="prevTrack()">
<i class="fa fa-step-backward fa-2x"></i>
</div>
<div class="playpause-track" onclick="playpauseTrack()">
<i class="fa fa-play-circle fa-5x"></i>
</div>
<div class="next-track" onclick="nextTrack()">
<i class="fa fa-step-forward fa-2x"></i>
</div>
</div>

<!-- 设定进度调节滑块-->
<div class="slider_container">
<div class="current-time">00:00</div>
<input type="range" min="1" max="100" value="0" class="seek_slider" onchange="seekTo()">
<div class="total-duration">00:00</div>
</div>

<!-- 设定音量调节滑块-->
<div class="slider_container">
<i class="fa fa-volume-down"></i>
<input type="range" min="1" max="100" value="99" class="volume_slider" onchange="setVolume()">
<i class="fa fa-volume-up"></i>
</div>
</div>

<script src="main.js"></script>
</body>

</html>

css

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body {
background-color: lightgreen;

/* Smoothly transition the background color */
transition: background-color 1s;
}

/* Using flex with the column direction to
align items in a vertical direction */
.player {
height: 95vh;
display: flex;
align-items: center;
flex-direction: column;
justify-content: center;
}

.details {
display: flex;
align-items: center;
flex-direction: column;
justify-content: center;
margin-top: 25px;
}

.track-art {
margin: 25px;
height: 300px;
width: 300px;
background-image: URL("https://source.unsplash.com/Qrspubmx6kE/640x360");
background-size: cover;
background-position: center;
border-radius: 15%;
}

/* Changing the font sizes to suitable ones */
.now-playing {
font-size: 1rem;
}

.track-name {
font-size: 3rem;
}

.track-artist {
font-size: 1.2rem;
}

/* Using flex with the row direction to
align items in a horizontal direction */
.buttons {
display: flex;
flex-direction: row;
align-items: center;
}

.playpause-track,
.prev-track,
.next-track {
padding: 25px;
opacity: 0.8;

/* Smoothly transition the opacity */
transition: opacity .2s;
}

/* Change the opacity when mouse is hovered */
.playpause-track:hover,
.prev-track:hover,
.next-track:hover {
opacity: 1.0;
}

/* Define the slider width so that it scales properly */
.slider_container {
width: 75%;
max-width: 400px;
display: flex;
justify-content: center;
align-items: center;
}

/* Modify the appearance of the slider */
.seek_slider,
.volume_slider {
-webkit-appearance: none;
-moz-appearance: none;
appearance: none;
height: 5px;
background: black;
opacity: 0.7;
-webkit-transition: .2s;
transition: opacity .2s;
}

/* Modify the appearance of the slider thumb */
.seek_slider::-webkit-slider-thumb,
.volume_slider::-webkit-slider-thumb {
-webkit-appearance: none;
-moz-appearance: none;
appearance: none;
width: 15px;
height: 15px;
background: white;
cursor: pointer;
border-radius: 50%;
}

/* Change the opacity when mouse is hovered */
.seek_slider:hover,
.volume_slider:hover {
opacity: 1.0;
}

.seek_slider {
width: 60%;
}

.volume_slider {
width: 30%;
}

.current-time,
.total-duration {
padding: 10px;
}

i.fa-volume-down,
i.fa-volume-up {
padding: 10px;
}

/* Change the mouse cursor to a pointer
when hovered over */
i.fa-play-circle,
i.fa-pause-circle,
i.fa-step-forward,
i.fa-step-backward {
cursor: pointer;
}

js

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// 定位文档中标签元素 
// 将选中的元素节点赋给变量
let now_playing = document.querySelector(".now-playing");
let track_art = document.querySelector(".track-art");
let track_name = document.querySelector(".track-name");
let track_artist = document.querySelector(".track-artist");

let playpause_btn = document.querySelector(".playpause-track");
let next_btn = document.querySelector(".next-track");
let prev_btn = document.querySelector(".prev-track");

let seek_slider = document.querySelector(".seek_slider");
let volume_slider = document.querySelector(".volume_slider");
let curr_time = document.querySelector(".current-time");
let total_duration = document.querySelector(".total-duration");

// 指定全局变量
let track_index = 0;
let isPlaying = false;
let updateTimer;

// 创建 audio 标签元素
let curr_track = document.createElement('audio');

// 传入一个数组,包含所有歌的所有信息
let track_list = [
{
name: "intro",
artist: "草东没有派对",
image: "image/chounuer.jpg",
path: "music/1-intro.mp3",
},
{
name: "丑",
artist: "草东没有派对",
image: "image/chounuer.jpg",
path: "music/2-chou.mp3",
},
{
name: "烂泥",
artist: "草东没有派对",
image: "image/chounuer.jpg",
path: "music/3-lanni.mp3",
},
{
name: "勇敢的人",
artist: "草东没有派对",
image: "image/chounuer.jpg",
path: "music/4-yongganderen.mp3",
},
{
name: "大风吹",
artist: "草东没有派对",
image: "image/chounuer.jpg",
path: "music/5-dafengchui.mp3"
},
{
name: "埃玛",
artist: "草东没有派对",
image: "image/chounuer.jpg",
path: "music/6-aima.mp3",
},
{
name: "等",
artist: "草东没有派对",
image: "image/chounuer.jpg",
path: "music/7-deng.mp3",
},
{
name: "鬼",
artist: "草东没有派对",
image: "image/chounuer.jpg",
path: "music/8-gui.mp3",
},
{
name: "在",
artist: "草东没有派对",
image: "image/chounuer.jpg",
path: "music/9-zai.mp3",
},
{
name: "山海",
artist: "草东没有派对",
image: "image/chounuer.jpg",
path: "music/10-shanhai.mp3"
},
{
name: "我们",
artist: "草东没有派对",
image: "image/chounuer.jpg",
path: "music/11-women.mp3",
},
{
name: "情歌",
artist: "草东没有派对",
image: "image/chounuer.jpg",
path: "music/12-qingge.mp3",
},
{
name: "顶楼",
artist: "草东没有派对",
image: "image/chounuer.jpg",
path: "music/13-dinglou.mp3",
},
];


// 定义歌曲加载函数
function loadTrack(track_index) {
// 重置前一首
clearInterval(updateTimer);
resetValues();

// 加载新的轨道,利用 track_index 定位歌曲,在通过 path 获取路径
curr_track.src = track_list[track_index].path;
curr_track.load(); // audio 自带的方法

// 切换一首歌曲,更新其显示信息,封面/歌名/歌手
track_art.style.backgroundImage = "url(" + track_list[track_index].image + ")";
track_name.textContent = track_list[track_index].name;
track_artist.textContent = track_list[track_index].artist;
now_playing.textContent = "PLAYING " + (track_index + 1) + " OF " + track_list.length;

// 设定滑块跟着播放进度来移动,每隔 1000 毫秒更新
updateTimer = setInterval(seekUpdate, 1000);

// 添加一个事件侦听器,播放结束时,执行 nextTrack 函数
curr_track.addEventListener("ended", nextTrack);

// 切换同时更新背景
random_bg_color();
}

// 定义生成随机色背景函数
function random_bg_color() {
// Get a random number between 64 to 256
// (for getting lighter colors)
let red = Math.floor(Math.random() * 256) + 64;
let green = Math.floor(Math.random() * 256) + 64;
let blue = Math.floor(Math.random() * 256) + 64;

// Construct a color with the given values
let bgColor = "rgb(" + red + ", " + green + ", " + blue + ")";

// Set the background to the new color
document.body.style.background = bgColor;
}


// 定义歌曲重置参数的函数
function resetValues() {
curr_time.textContent = "00:00";
total_duration.textContent = "00:00";
seek_slider.value = 0;
}


// 定义播放暂停键函数
function playpauseTrack() {
// 判断当前状态,默认 true 播放,false 暂停
if (!isPlaying) playTrack();
else pauseTrack();
}

// 定义播放函数
function playTrack() {
// 生成的 audio 元素执行 play() 方法
curr_track.play();
isPlaying = true;

// 此时为播放状态,改变按钮图标为暂停,表示当前正在播放
playpause_btn.innerHTML = '<i class="fa fa-pause-circle fa-5x"></i>';
}

// 定义暂停函数
function pauseTrack() {
// 生成的 audio 元素执行 pause() 方法
curr_track.pause();
isPlaying = false;

// 此时为暂停状态,改变按钮图标为播放,表示点击后播放歌曲
playpause_btn.innerHTML = '<i class="fa fa-play-circle fa-5x"></i>';;
}

// 定义播放下一首函数
function nextTrack() {
// 判断当前播放为第几首,如果当前索引没超出总歌曲数,那么索引递增 1
// 如果是最后一首,设定 track_index 为 0
if (track_index < track_list.length - 1)
track_index += 1;
else track_index = 0;

// Load and play the new track
loadTrack(track_index);
playTrack();
}

// 定义播放上一首函数
function prevTrack() {
// 判断当前播放为第几首,如果当前索引大于 0,也就是不为第一首时,递减 1
// 如果是第一首(索引为 0,那么就跳转到最后一首,)
if (track_index > 0)
track_index -= 1;
else track_index = track_list.length;

// Load and play the new track
loadTrack(track_index);
playTrack();
}


// 定义一个播放定位函数
function seekTo() {
// 滑块的值的百分比乘总的持续时间表示当前当前播放进度
seekto = curr_track.duration * (seek_slider.value / 100);
curr_track.currentTime = seekto;
}

// 定义一个音量设定函数
function setVolume() {
// 根据音量滑块百分比来设定当前的音量
curr_track.volume = volume_slider.value / 100;
}

// 定义设定进度跳转的函数
function seekUpdate() {
let seekPosition = 0;

// 检查当前歌曲时间是不是一个有效数值
// 如果是则按百分位置比时长计算当前位置
if (!isNaN(curr_track.duration)) {
seekPosition = curr_track.currentTime * (100 / curr_track.duration);
seek_slider.value = seekPosition;

// 转化播放的时长和总时长,显示成 00:00 样式
let currentMinutes = Math.floor(curr_track.currentTime / 60);
let currentSeconds = Math.floor(curr_track.currentTime - currentMinutes * 60);
let durationMinutes = Math.floor(curr_track.duration / 60);
let durationSeconds = Math.floor(curr_track.duration - durationMinutes * 60);

// 设定页面进度的显示样式,不够十位的补个 0
if (currentSeconds < 10) {
currentSeconds = "0" + currentSeconds;
}
if (durationSeconds < 10) {
durationSeconds = "0" + durationSeconds;
}
if (currentMinutes < 10) {
currentMinutes = "0" + currentMinutes;
}
if (durationMinutes < 10) {
durationMinutes = "0" + durationMinutes;
}

// 展示当前的进度时长和总时长,00:00 形式
curr_time.textContent = currentMinutes + ":" + currentSeconds;
total_duration.textContent = durationMinutes + ":" + durationSeconds;
}
}



// 加载第一首曲子,函数变量会被提前,每次进入页面时曲子索引都为初始设定的 0
loadTrack(track_index);

link

JS 之创建音乐播放器